Frequently Asked Questions

General questions

What is a welding machine used for?

As can be easily guessed from its name, the welding machine is a tool that is used to weld, or to make the junction of two metal components originally separated. When they are welded together, the two components can be separated only through the desoldering operation.

Is a welding machine used only for hobbystic work or also for professional ones?

In both areas. Certainly the welding machine is a more professional tool than an hobbystic one, as those who practice some professions that involve metalworking (such as the bodyworker, the blacksmith, etc.) just can’t help using it. However, those who are passionate about DIY and / or have to carry out small repairs at home, can also use the welding machine in the home environment, as long as they choose a suitable model.

Which Welders of your brand are professional and which are for Hobby use?

We have differentiated the welders in two categories: the Blue one refers to Hobby / Semi-professional items while the Black one refers to a professional ones.

Can the welding machines be used with a power generator?

Yes, it is possible, it is important that it is stabilized and with a power compared to the welding machine at least 1.5 times higher.

What types of electric arc welding machines do you produce?

We produce three types:

  1. Manual electrode welding machine (MMA, or “Manual metallic arc”)
  2. Continuous wire welding machine with gas protection and without gas (MIG / MAG / MOG. The abbreviation MAG stands for “metallic active gas”, MIG stands for “metallic inert gas” and Mog stand for “No Gas”)
  3. Tig welding machine with infusible electrode and gas protection (TIG, acronym for “Tungsten Inert Gas”).
Can I use a Tig welding machine even if I have no experience?

No, this type of welder is a typically professional tool because to use it well it takes a certain experience.
So it’s best to avoid using it at home. Even professionals use it under the supervision and guidance of a welder with more experience than them.

Is it difficult to use a MIG / Mag welder?

Not particularly (it still depends on the type of equipment: a TIG welder is more difficult to use than a MAG / MIG), but at the beginning it may not be very easy. The trick for a good welding is to learn how to adjust the speed of the wire, so that a balance is created with the intensity of the current. In fact, the wire must advance at a higher speed than the melting speed: not too much, however (otherwise the metal risks not melting well).

What are the most common electrodes in MMA welding?
  • electrodes with acid coating
  • electrodes with rutile coating
  • electrodes with cellulosic coating
  • electrodes with basic coating
What are personal protective equipment?

Its are all the protective tools and accessories to wear during the welding operation to protect themselves from splashes and sparks: full-face protective helmet, gloves, apron or anti-burn suit (these are specific welding garments that protect against burns).

Is welding a dangerous operation?

It can become so if you do not work with caution, attention and with respect for the necessary safety regulations.
The dangerous reasons are essentially due to the fact that jets and sparks are emitted during welding which can cause burns on the skin or, in the worst case, even fires (if they come into contact with easily flammable substances). Furthermore, some techniques are carried out with a gas cylinder and this is an additional risk factor.

What are the gases used in Mig / Mag / Tig welding?

The shielding gases used in MIG / MAG and TIG welding processes are essentially of two categories: inert and active. Argon, helium and argon-helium mixtures belong to the first category, while gases such as carbon dioxide, mixtures of argon with oxygen or carbon dioxide are defined as active.

What safety rules should I follow when welding?

Both in the case of professional use and in the case of domestic use, it is necessary to be scrupulous in following the safety rules:

  • Buy a welding machine from a reliable brand and a recent model: first of all it is good to make sure that you have a welding machine made in a workmanlike manner, that is in full compliance with safety standards. Old models may not be completely up to standard.
  • Always wear all safety devices (sometimes they are sold together with the welding machine: otherwise they must be purchased separately)
  • Be careful not to inhale the gases emitted during welding, as they can be toxic and harmful to health.
  • Keep away from the place where you are welding flammable substances (as we have seen, the jets of the welding could cause a fire)
What is Argon?
Argon (Ar) is an inert gas, produced by the fractional distillation of the atmosphere. It is a gas extracted from the air that can contain traces of impurities such as oxygen, nitrogen or water vapor; however, it is suitable for aluminum welding.
The use of this gas in MAG applications allows for good arc stability and easy ignition. Furthermore, considering the low thermal conductivity, the central part of the arc column is kept at high temperatures making the drops of material that pass through the arc area more fluid.
What is Elio?
Helium (He) is an inert gas, rather rare, scarcely present in the atmosphere and extracted from the subsoil, consequently it is much more expensive than argon.
The properties of helium compared to argon, are lower arc stability but higher penetration depth, its use is predominant in welding of great thicknesses and of materials with high thermal conductivity such as copper and aluminum.
Since helium, unlike argon, is less heavy than air and therefore more volatile, a greater quantity of gas is required to ensure the correct protection for the welding area.
What is Carbon Dioxide?
Carbon dioxide (CO2) is an active gas, present in the air and in the subsoil. The most common problem caused by this type of protection is the formation of excessive sparkles and unstable arc. However a rather short arc and a constant length allows to have a good control of the arc. Good penetrations are generally achieved with CO2 protection.
What are Active Blends?
It is possible to use the qualities of individual gases by using a mixture of them as gas protection, such as argon-oxygen, argon-oxygen-CO2, argon-CO2. Although pure inert gases can develop their protective effect at any temperature, the addition of active gases improves the arc stability and the metal transfer from the wire electrode to the bath. This is done without affecting the protective effect.
What are TIG electrodes used for?

Tungsten electrodes are used for TIG welding and thanks to the very high melting temperature of tungsten of about 3400 ° C, they allow to maintain the electric arc with the piece to be welded.

Questions about the terminology

What is a Multiprocess welding machine?

The multi-process welder or multifunctional welder is an all-in-one machine! These generators can combine MMA coated electrode welding, TIG, MIG MAG and cored wire (no gas).

What is MIG / MAG welding?

The terms “MIG” and “MAG” identify two types of continuous wire arc welding that are very similar to each other. More precisely, it is a technique that can be put applied in two slightly different ways. Both types of welding are performed by keeping the metal to be processed under the protection of a gas. In this way the power released by an electric arc heats the metals and join together the parts to be welded.

What is NO GAS welding?

The absence of the gas cylinder in the welding circuit, together with the use of cored electrode wires, identifies the welding process without gas protection (SELF SHIELDED WIRE, NO GAS or FLUX); in this case the gaseous protection is obtained thanks to the action of the core which is part of the wire.

What is MMA welding?

MMA (Manual Metal Arc) coated electrode welding uses heat generated by an arc that arises between the electrode and the piece to be welded. It is probably the most widely used technology in the world for welding electric arc manual. With this procedure all ferrous metals are commonly welded, namely iron, the different types of steel, including stainless steel, and cast iron. With other metals poor results are obtained, for some welding ad electrode is impossible. The productivity of this process is limited: it is necessary to stop welding when the electrode is worn out and needs to be replaced, moreover yes must remove the slag after every single pass.

What is Tig welding?

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What is the difference between MIG welding and MAG welding?

These are very similar types of welding. Specifically, they work in the same way: the welding process varies only with reference to the shielding gas used. The MIG method, or “Metal Inert Gas”, involves the use of an Inert Gas. The MAG method involves the use of an active GAS. For this reason, the term MAG stands for “Metal Active Gas”.

What is the difference between MIG / MAG and TIG welding?

Tig welding, or “Tungsten Inert Gas”, is another of the most popular methods precisely because it allows you to create high quality joints. Also in this case, inert gas protection is used. The procedure can be performed with or without a filler tube. Tig welding differs from MIG and MAG welding in that it is proposed as an arc welding process which however involves the use of an infusible tungsten electrode.

What is the Electrode for MMA welding ?

The coated electrode is composed of two parts or a metal core that acts as a filler material and a coating that provides protection.
During welding, the electrode core melts and, in the form of drops, is transferred to the melt pool; at the same time, the coating also follows the core in the melt pool in such a way as to form a cup at the end of the electrode; with this conformation, the coating contributes to the protection of the end of the electrode where the material is melted and also creates a local overpressure of the gases inside, capable of causing the detachment and transfer of the drop.

What is an Acid Electrode

The coatings of these electrodes consist of iron oxides, ferroalloys of manganese and silicon. They guarantee good arc stability which makes them suitable for both alternating current (AC) and direct current (DC). hey have a very fluid bath that does not allow vertical welding; furthermore, they do not have a great cleaning power on the base material and this can cause cracks.
They do not withstand high drying temperatures, with the consequent risk of residual moisture and therefore of hydrogen inclusions in the weld

What is a Rutile Electrode?

The coating of this electrode is essentially composed of a mineral called rutile. The latter is made up of 95% titanium dioxide, a very stable compound that guarantees excellent arc stability and high fluidity of the bath, with an appreciable aesthetic effect on the weld. The task of the rutile coating is however that of guaranteeing a smooth, easy-to-make melt, facilitating the formation of an abundant and viscous slag that allows good smoothness in welding, especially in a flat position. In this case the cord is visually beautiful and regular.

What is a Basic Electrode?

The coating of the basic electrodes consists of iron oxides, iron alloys and above all of calcium and magnesium carbonates to which, by adding calcium fluoride, fluorite is obtained, which is a mineral capable of facilitating fusion. They have a high purification capacity of the base material, so that quality welds with considerable mechanical strength are obtained. Furthermore, these electrodes withstand high drying temperatures, so they do not contaminate the bath with hydrogen.

What is a Cellulose Electrode?

The coating of these electrodes consists mainly of cellulose integrated with ferroalloys (magnesium and silicon). The coating gasifies almost completely, thus allowing welding also in a vertical descending position, which is not allowed with other types of electrodes; the high gasification of the cellulose reduces the amount of slag present in the weld. The high development of hydrogen (deriving from the particular chemical composition of the coating) causes the weld pool to be “hot”, with the melting of a considerable quantity of base material; in this way welds are obtained which penetrate deeply, with little slag in the bath.
The mechanical characteristics of the welding are excellent.

What are TIG electrodes?

Tig electrodes are conductive elements: they connect an external electrical circuit with a medium within which the current must flow. Tungsten electrodes (TIG) are used in arc welding with inert gas and tungsten (Tungsten Inert Gas).

What is MIG wire?

As in the coated electrode process, the MIG wire completes the electrical circuit by creating the arc, but is continuously fed through a welding torch from a coil or barrel. MIG wire is a solid wire, uncoated and protected by a gaseous mixture.

What is meant by cored wire?

Cored wire is similar to MIG wire in that it is a filler metal for continuous welding. However, the flux cored wire is not a solid wire, but internally contains the flux that provides the protection (chemical components and metallic materials). Gas is not needed.

What is the Duty Cycle?

Time of use of a welding machine, expressed as a percentage, without causing excessive overheating from the activation of the thermostatic protection. (Example: 170 A @ 40% – the welding machine is characterized by periods of 4 minutes of work and 6 minutes of pause).

What is meant by ARC FORCE?

Dynamic increase of the welding current when the arc becomes too short. It prevents sticking of the electrode to the piece to be welded. It could be adjustable by the operator, or prepared in the design phase so that it intervenes automatically.

What is meant by ANTISTICKING?

Drastic reduction of the welding current when the electrode sticks to the piece, or the arc voltage is zero for a time that exceeds the limit set in the design phase. It facilitates the removal of the electrode from the piece to be welded and avoids overheating of the secondary circuit of welding.

What is meant by HOT START?
Increase of the welding current at the moment of the ignition, facilitates the arc ignition.
It can be automatic or adjustable by the operator.
What is meant by Tig HF?

The arc striking occurs without contact between the electrode and the piece. o avoiding such contact is important, because any tungsten parts residual in the weld pool, may cause mechanical defects of the welded joint.

What is meant by Tig LIFT?

The electrode is placed on the piece and slowly lifted up to ignite the welding arc, the risk of tungsten contamination is modest.

What is meant by Tig Scratch?
You have to rub the electrode on the piece to trigger the arc.
You lose accuracy and the risk of contamination from tungsten is high.
What is meant by RAMP UP Tig?
Time during which the current passes from the initial value subsequento to the strike of the arc to the value set for welding.
It allows to avoiding an abrupt start of melting.
What is meant by RAMP DOWN Tig?
Time during which the current passes from the set value for welding to the switch-off value. It avoids to making the «crater» at the end of the welding cord.
What is meant by BALANCING Tig ?
Time distribution between the cleaning phase and the melting phase during TIG AC welding. A greater fusion corresponds with a greater penetration of the weld, but less cleaning of the cord.
What is meant by AC FREQUENCY in Tig?
Number of times per unit of time in which the polarity of the electrode goes from positive to negative and vice versa in TIG AC. Higher frequency corresponds with narrower cords and faster forward speed.
What is meant by BI-LEVEL in Tig ?
The welding current changes from the set value to a reduced value and vice versa at each torch button pressing. It is used to dose the heat input to the piece to be welded, avoiding craters and breakthroughs.
Widely used in case of welding of objects with uneven thickness.
What is meant by TIG PULSE?
The welding current changes continuously from the set value (= peak current) to a small value (= base current) and vice versa. It is used for dosing the heat input to the piece to be welded avoiding craters and breakthroughs.
and craters. Used in case of regular cords of thin thickness.
What is meant by PULSATION FREQUENCY in Tig?
Number of times per unit of time during which the current passes from the peak value to the base value and vice-versa in TIG Pulse. Higher frequency corresponds with narrower cords and faster forward speed.
What is meant by PRE-GAS?
Time during which the shielding gas exits from the nozzle of the torch before ignition. It helps to creat a protective atmosphere in the area where it is going to start the melting.
What is meant by POST-GAS?
Time during which the shielding gas exits from the nozzle of the torch after the arc is extinguished when the welding ends. It helps to protect the melted bath until its complete solidification.
What is meant by SOFT START?
Time during which the wire feeder motor swicth from standstill to the speed set for welding. It avoids too abrupt departures. It can be adjustable by the operator, or prepared in the design phase so that it intervenes automatically.
What is meant by BURN BACK?
Delay time between stopping the engine and the interruption of the output power. It allowst to adjusting the length of the wire that comes out from the nozzle at the end of the welding. It could be adjustable by the operator, or prepared in the design phase so that it intervenes automatically.
What is meant by 2T / 4T?
Operating modes of the torch trigger: in 2T the button is kept pressed during welding; in 4T the button is pressed to start welding, during welding the button in released, finally the button is pressed aganin to to stop welding.
What is meant by SPOOL GUN Torch?
Particular torch that allows to house the coil of wire directly into the handle.
It avoids wire sliding problems, mainly if aluminum wire is used, and allows longer lengths of the torch lead. Often used in the carbody shop.
What is meant by TIG AC?
The polarity of the welding current is alternating (AC = Alternating Current).
The generator alternates the output poles with an appropriate frequency.
It is used for aluminum and magnesium alloys.
A pure tungsten electrode is preferred.
What is meant by TIG DC?
The polarity of the welding current is continuous (DC = Direct Current).
The electrode always has negative polarity, the melting phase is continuous.
It is used for all metals except aluminum and magnesium alloys.
A 2% cerium tungsten electrode is preferred.
What is meant by Plasma Cutting?
Plasma is a highly ionized gas, that is composed of charged particles, and therefore a conductor of electric current. It can be obtained by passing the gas to be ionized, generally compressed air or inert gas, through an electric arc generated within a mechanical restriction.
In this way, the concentration of charged particles that are formed increases significantly, consequently the thermal effect increases and the temperature rises. The high-temperature gas tends to expand and, by passing through the choke, acquires a very high speed, a dart of concentrated energy charges is obtained, which can be used to cut metals.
A plasma cutting system can be created using a current generator with appropriate characteristics, a gas source and a torch that conveys the gas into a nozzle inside which the electric arc is generated.
The electrode is mobile, the gas flow detaches it from the nozzle and the potential difference between electrode and nozzle causes the ignition spark of the pilot arc. The pilot arc is then transferred to the piece and the cutting process begins.
What is meant by HIGH FREQUENCY IGNITION in Plasma?
The pilot arc between the electrode and the nozzle is triggered thanks to the spark caused by a device which generates a series of electrical impulses at high voltage, then the arc comes transferred to the piece and the cutting process begins.
What is meant by QUALITY CUT in Plasma?
It is a cut that allows a clear separation, with regular and almost perpendicular edges to the surface of the cut object. Generally it is achieved when the cutting feed speed it is constant and not less than 30-40 centimeters per minute. To get a quality cut is necessary to choose a PLASMA implant which can separate a maximum thickness significantly higher than the working one.
What is meant by MAXIMUM SEPARATION in Plasma?
It is the maximum thickness that can be separated. The value indicated in the commercial documentation generally refers to iron and not corresponds with a quality cut.
What is meant by CONTACT CUTTING in Plasma?
Cutting technique in which the nozzle is in contact with the piece to be cut. It is generally used for thicknesses not exceeding 5/6 millimeters.
What is meant by CUTTING WITH SPACER in Plasma?
Cutting technique in which the nozzle is kept away from the piece to be cut through the use of appropriate spacers that are mounted at the end of the torch. It allows to cut the maximum thicknesses achievable by the system used.

Technical questions

How many Amps per mm do I need to weld in MMA?

Below is a list of values ​​for welding:

  • Material up to 1.5 mm from 40 to 60 Ampere with 1.6 mm electrode
  • Material from 2 to 3 mm from 60 to 70 Ampere with 2 mm electrode
  • Material from 2 to 5 mm from 80 to 100 Ampere with 2,5 mm electrode
  • Material from 3 to 10 mm from 100 to 130 mm with 3,2 mm electrode
  • Material from 5 and + mm from 130 to 160 Ampere with 4mm electrode
How many Amps per mm do I need to weld in Tig mode in direct current (DC)?

Use on: common carbon steel (commonly called “iron”), stainless steel, copper and its alloys, silver, titanium and its alloys.

  • Piece thickness (mm) 0,4 Current (A) 5-15
  • Piece thickness (mm) 0,6 Current (A) 10-30
  • Workpiece thickness (mm) 0,8 Current (A) 20-40
  • Piece thickness (mm) 1,0 Current (A) 30-60
  • Piece thickness (mm) 1,5 Current (A) 40-80
  • Piece thickness (mm) 2,0 Current (A) 70-100
  • Workpiece thickness (mm) 3.0 Current (A) 80-120
  • Piece thickness (mm) 4.0 Current (A) 100-150
  • Workpiece thickness (mm) 5.0 Current (A) 150-260
  • Workpiece thickness (mm) over 5.0 Current (A) 250-300

The following is the list indicating the diameter of the tungsten electrode to be used depending on the current chosen:

  • Electrode diameter (mm) 1.0 Direct current (A) 10-75
  • Electrode diameter (mm) 1.6 Direct current (A) 40-120
  • Electrode diameter (mm) 2.0 Direct current (A) 100-200
  • Electrode diameter (mm) 2,4 Direct current (A) 170-250
  • Electrode diameter (mm) 3.2 Direct current (A) 225-330
  • Electrode diameter (mm) 4.0 Direct current (A) 300-480
How many amps per mm do I need to weld in alternating current (AC) Tig mode?
Use on: aluminum and its alloys, magnesium, brass and bronze casting

  • Piece thickness (mm) 1,0 Current (A) 15-35
  • Piece thickness (mm) 1,5 Current (A) 30-60
  • Piece thickness (mm) 2,0 Current (A) 40-70
  • Workpiece thickness (mm) 3.0 Current (A) 60-100
  • Workpiece thickness (mm) 4.0 Current (A) 90-130
  • Workpiece thickness (mm) 5.0 Current (A) 120-170
  • Workpiece thickness (mm) over 5.0 Current (A) over 170

The following is the list indicating the diameter of the tungsten electrode to be used depending on the current chosen:

  • Electrode diameter (mm) 1.0 Alternating current 20-30
  • Electrode diameter (mm) 1.6 Alternating current 30-60
  • Electrode diameter (mm) 2.0 Alternating current 40-80
  • Electrode diameter (mm) 2,4 Alternating current 60-100
  • Electrode diameter (mm) 3,2 Alternating current 90-150
  • Electrode diameter (mm) 4.0 Alternating current 150-200
To weld in MIG / MAG how many Amps per mm of material and what diameter of the wire do I need?

Below is a list of values ​​for welding:

  1. Material thickness in mm from 0.7 to 4 wire diameter from 0.8 to 1.0 and welding current up to 200 Ampere
  2. Material thickness in mm from 0.7 to 7mm wire diameter 0,8 to 1 and welding current up to 250 Ampere
  3. Material thickness in mm from 1 to 12 wire diameter 0,8 / 1,0 / 1,2 and welding current up to 350 Ampere
What are the main features and advantages offered by MIG / MAG welding?
Speaking of MIG / MAG welding, it is useful to underline that it is a less expensive procedure than others. It differs from many other techniques also because the continuous wire process allows to take advantage of a solid and resistant joint. MIG / MAG welding is also presented as a fairly versatile procedure, in the sense that it allows you to weld any metal. Finally, not having the need to replace the electrode of the welding machine, it is possible to prefer the MIG / MAG techniques in the case of high volumes and production rates.
What do you need to perform MIG / MAG welding?
To perform this type of welding, it is advisable to use a special torch, capable of bringing the shielding gas to the weld pool and also of creating the arc between the wire and the piece to be welded. You also need a valid arc current generator, a tool for winding the wire and a useful mechanism for checking and advancing the wire. Finally, we must not forget the cylinder containing the shielding gas chosen for the welding procedure.
When is MIG / MAG welding used?
MIG / MAG welding is suitable for all those activities where high productivity is required. It is very useful even in cases where various types of materials are processed and therefore a certain flexibility and versatility is required on the part of the welding machine. Specifically, this welding technique can be used for the processing of iron, stainless steel, aluminum but also for alloys of copper, titanium, nickel and light metals.
How to understand which tungsten Tig electrode should I use?

Tig Electrodes are differentiated by color:

  • Red Color 2% Thorium: for Stainless Steel
  • Blue Color 2% Lanthanum: Specific for Stainless Steel
  • Green Color Pure Tungsten: Specific for Aluminum
  • Gold Color Tungsten with 1.5% Lanthanum is possible use with AC / DC current it is used with high alloyed and non-alloyed steels, aluminum magnesium alloys, titanium, nickel, copper etc
  • Gray color with 2% Cerium Oxide Specific for welding Aluminum and Stainless Steel.
What is the difference between welding and brazing?

In both processes, two materials are joined together. We talk about welding if the union occurs through the fusion of the edges of the pieces to be joined (regardless of the addition of filler material). On the other hand, when the base material is simply heated and only the filler material is melted, we are faced with brazing.

Charger and booster questions

What is the difference between a traditional charger and an inverter?
Traditional battery chargers do not have a battery analysis function. They charge the batterie as long as it is plugged in and cannot detect when it is fully charged.
If you forget to unplug a traditional charger, the battery will be overcharged, run out and may be damaged. The inverter battery chargers have different phases, for example, desulfation, reconditioning, recharging and maintaining all types of lead-acid, MF, GEL and the most modern Start & Stop batteries.
In this way they extend the life of the batteries and ensure great savings. Inverter chargers “communicate” with the battery during the entire process, minimizing the risk of overcharging or undercharging.
What are the Awelco range of traditional battery chargers?
The traditional Awelco battery chargers are the Enerbox series and the Bat series .
What are the Awelco range of Inverter battery chargers?
The Awelco Inverter battery chargers are the Automatic models.
Why should I recharge the battery of my car and / or motorcycle?
The reasons why you should recharge a battery are numerous. Maybe the car has stood still for some time at very low temperatures during the winter or used only rarely and for short distances.
The alternator may take some time to recharge the battery to the optimal level.
In addition, alternators are often unable to fully recharge the batteries, even during long journeys. As a result, the battery may need to be recharged regularly. By recharging the battery before winter, the risk that the car does not start in the coldest temperatures is significantly reduced.
Can a battery be damaged while charging?
The inverter chargers can be left connected even for several months, also reaching the last charging stage and the green light comes on, they will not suffer any kind of damage. On the contrary, traditional battery chargers must be monitored during charging, they will continue to charge the accumulator until the charger is disconnected.
What happens if I forget to unplug the inverter charger?
If you forget to unplug an inverter charger, you don’t need to worry. Inverter chargers provide for optimal charge maintenance. When the green light comes on, you can leave it connected until you use the car or motorcycle.
What happens if I forget to unplug the Traditional charger?
If you forget to unplug a traditional charger, the battery will be overcharged, run out and can be damaged.
I can't find the battery in the engine compartment. Can i recharge the battery?
Most modern cars do not have batteries under the hood. However, many manufacturers have prepared a connection in the engine compartment to connect the battery to be charged or an external battery for the emergency start of the car. Most cars can also use a 12V outlet to charge the battery. However, the socket must be live when the vehicle ignition is switched off.
How long does it take to charge a battery?
The charging time of a battery depends on many factors. The three most important factors are amperage, battery state of charge and battery charging capacity. The ambient temperature is also decisive.
Can I use the same charger for the car and the motorcycle?
Yes! It is important that the car and motorcycle have a 12-volt electrical system and that the battery has an amperage that is compatible with that of the charger.
How to choose the right charger?

The choice of a charger essentially depends on various factors such as:

  1. The amperage of the battery to be recharged.
  2. The desired battery charging speed.
  3. Type of battery to be recharged Pb / PbCa / Gel / Agm.
How can I check if my battery needs to be recharged?
Most batteries need to be charged at least a few times a year. This process must be done before winter if you live in a cold climate. If not, it may be too late before you find out that the battery needs charging. You may find it harder to turn the starter, or you may notice the lights dim when you start your car or motorcycle. Motorcycle batteries have to be recharged more frequently in summer because the generators cannot charge them sufficiently while driving.
How does the ammeter of the battery charger work?
The current you read on the ammeter is supplied to the battery by the charger. If you have connected it with an empty battery, it will deliver its maximum output, example 4 A. When charging, it becomes less and less until the battery is charged.
How many Amps will I need to recharge my car battery?
There are specific Inverter accumulators that are constantly connected to the power source in order to immediately have enough energy to start the motor. The car battery charger must have sufficient amperage to properly charge the battery.
How does the car battery charger work?
The operation of the car charger is very easy. Simply connect the two cables to the battery poles, respecting the plus and minus indicators, then turn on the instrument and wait for the battery to charge.
How do you see if the battery is charged?
With a conventional charger, you can use the classic multimeter to display the voltage level and thus the state of charge of the car battery. If the voltage is lower than that of the full charge, the battery is empty and must therefore be charged. It should be specified that the battery should be charged every time the voltage falls below the threshold value. The inverter battery charger has a green light that indicates the end of charging.
What is the "Buffer" function?
By buffer function we mean the electronic control of the charging current, automatic interruption and reset (it allows you to keep the battery of your car / scooter or motorcycle charged when you are not using the vehicle.Battery interrupts the charging process, when the battery is fully charged and automatically starts charging again when the total charge of the battery decreases). Suitable for hermetic (GEL) and electrolyte-free (WET) batteries with 12 volts of motor vehicles, cars and vans.
What is the desulfation function in inverter battery chargers?
The term “desulfation” refers to a forced process that returns the initial density of the electrolyte solution by applying certain current pulses that break these crystals apart (breaking the molecular bonds between lead ions and acid sulfate ions), allowing the battery to resume normal operation.
How does the car jump starter work?
The car jump starter does not require any special knowledge. The two clamps of different colors (red and black) must be connected to the corresponding terminals, which should be the same color. If not, it is good to know that the red color determines the positive pole and the black color the negative pole. Once that connection is made, just turn the car on and remove the clamps once it stays on. If the start does not take place on the first stroke, it is advisable to check the positioning of the clamps and try again.
Are starter and booster and car charger the same thing?
Starter and booster are the same product, called differently, and are useful for restarting the car when the battery is empty. The charger, on the other hand, is used when the battery is not fully charged and you want to prevent it from discharging. This is a product that can be considered “preventive” for not having to use the booster/starter.
How to choose the right starter for your car battery?
Choosing the right starter for your car is not difficult and in practice there is only one characteristic to consider, namely the power, which is expressed in amperes. For example, a starter may not be suitable for batteries in trucks and SUVs because they have a different amperage than a small motor vehicle. Most batteries in cars have a rating of 12 volts and so the starters are compatible with that rating, but as mentioned earlier, a 12 volt battery can have a different amperage. You can find this information in the technical specifications for your car’s battery.
How long does it take to recharge a starter?
The charging times vary depending on the type of battery that is present in each starter. You can have starters that fully charge in just two hours, but also models that take up to 8 hours to be active and ready to be used. To start a car engine, the booster must be fully charged. In fact, the battery contained in the starters has a tendency to discharge itself if it is not used for a long period of time.
How many amps does a gasoline engine need to start ?
For gasoline engines, you need:
150 to 200 amps for a 4 cylinder
200 to 250 amps for a 6 cylinder
250 to 300 amps for an 8 cylinder
How many amps does a diesel engine need to start?
For diesel engines, you need:
250 to 400 amps for a 4 cylinder.
400 to 500 amps for a 6 cylinder.
500 to 700 amps for an 8 cylinder.
Where can I read the amperage of the car battery?
The values can be read on the battery label or in the operating instructions for your vehicle. The displayed number is shown in ampere-hours (Ah) and indicates the battery capacity, while the continuous current is indicated in amperes (A)
What are the Awelco range of portable boosters?
The portable boosters of the Awelco range are the Energy range and the Ultracharge 1000
What are the features of the Ultracharge 1000?
The ULTRA CHARHE 1000 emergency starter and battery tester has a new technology that uses supercapacitors instead of normal lead-acid or lithium batteries to start vehicles.
The function of supercapacitors has the ability to accumulate a very large amount of energy from the battery of the vehicle to be started (partially discharged) in a short time, so that in a few seconds the same vehicle from which you took the charge can be started.
Awelco ULTRA CHARGE 1000 integrates this new technology with a small internal lithium battery of 6000 mAh that can recharge the capacitors whenever the vehicle battery is empty or very weak, making it extremely versatile.
The technology used in this model has the great advantage of a very long service life, as the capacitors can be discharged and recharged thousands of times before they lose their effectiveness. This product can start small, medium and large displacement gasoline and diesel vehicles and supply a large amount of electricity for a limited time. (5 Sec.)
In addition, the tester function is to check the voltage and internal resistance of the vehicle battery.
Also equipped with a fixed or flashing lamp.
What are the features of the Energy 1500?
Portable battery starter, suitable for 12 V starting cars up to 40 Ah, vans, trucks and boats. Connected to the vehicle’s cigarette lighter socket, it keeps all circuits under voltage when the battery is changed and also serves as a 12 V power source in an emergency. It does not damage the vehicle electronics and allows you to do a number of startups before charging. The Energy can be charged through the special power supply connected to the mains voltage or through the vehicle’s cigarette lighter. Complete with 230V AC 12V DC power supply, plus-minus cable with pliers, 3.6W lamp, plug and cable for cigarette lighter.TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS- Charging voltage: 12 / 12V- Battery capacity: 17Ah- Output current: 300 A- Short circuit current: 700A- Charging voltage: 230V ~ 50-60Hz-
What are the features of the Energy 2000?
Portable starter for starting batteries up to 100 Ah, equipped with emergency light. It can be charged either by connecting it to the power supply or to the cigarette lighter. It can be used without a mains connection. Ah 38 battery operated portable starter
Start voltage V 12
Output current 600A from 1500A
It does not damage the vehicle electronics
Complete with 230 V AC 12 V DC power supply unit, plus-minus cable with clamp, 3.6 W lamp, plug and cable for cigarette lighter.
What are the features of the Energy 2500?
Professional battery starter – Suitable for 12 / 24V starting
cars, vans, trucks and boats – Connected to the cigarette lighter of the
vehicle keeps circuits under voltage during battery changes – Not
damage the vehicle electronics. -Complete with 230V AC power supply
12V DC, positive and negative cables with pliers, 3.6 W lamp, plug and
Cigarette lighter cable – Battery capacity 17 Ah – Output current 300A – Short circuit current: 1300A / 900A
What are the Awelco range of Chargers/ Starters?
The battery chargers of the Awelco range are:
the Thor Series and the Thormatic Series.
What are the features of the Thor series?
The battery chargers/starters of the Thor series are Hobby/Semiprofessional and Professional items. Really robust/compact products and also wheeled. They can fulfill both the ideal battery charging function for PB batteries and as a starter, in fact they are equipped with the boster system and for the Professional series (BLACK) with remote control and thermostat protection to protect against overheating.
What are the features of the Thormatic series?
The 12 / 24Volt Thormatic battery charger / starter is a professional product that is equipped with a microprocessor to control the battery charging / booster system and the ventilation system. It is the ideal product for Pb / PbCa / Gel batteries with end of charge. It is also equipped with the Quick Starter function with protection of the electronic control units. Really robust and compact product with wheels. The machine combines great performance with high reliability, able to carry out both the charging and the start function, it is equipped with the booster system (Start Assist) for a quick start.

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